In recent years there have been a number of books published on the topic of aging, dying, and the Christian faith. No doubt, this is to meet the needs and to answer the questions of an aging church in the West and to help those in the latter half of life respond to spiritual concerns about growing older. While there are other books that examine the spirituality of the second half of life (Richard Rohr’s Falling Upward readily comes to mind), R. Paul Stevens takes a more unique approach in that his book relates primarily to the question of what one’s calling is in later life, and especially after one retires.
The book is broken up into three sections and the first part deals solely with calling. The first chapter is notable for it’s argument that retirement is not a biblical concept, in that in the ancient world one had to work as long as one was able. After a brief history of how retirement came about, the chapter one looks at how retirement can be a catalyst for growth and of a broader and more biblical concept of calling. While Stevens does not suggest we should not retire, his emphasis is that the idea of idling one’s remaining days in self-leisure is not a Scriptural notion and that one can still contribute to society, even if one is not receiving remuneration. This last point is addressed in more detail in the second chapter as the concept of calling is explained and some guidelines on late-life calling are provided. And the third chapter takes a closer look at some Scriptural examples of those who lived out their late-life calling faithfully, with special emphasis on Abraham and Jacob.
The second part of the book reflects on the spirituality that comes with aging. Here, I felt the book had some similarities to Richard Rohr’s book, especially in chapter four where midlife is viewed as a time of transition from doing to being, and from living to accomplish much to living into a more contemplative lifestyle. Stevens lists a few ways that aging provides opportunities for us to grow spiritually. The next two chapters detail the potential vices and virtues that arise as one grows older.
The third section looks at how one’s calling affects others beyond one’s death in what we refer to as “legacy”. Chapter seven is about different facets of one’s legacy, including factors to consider when bequeathing a monetary legacy. There were two things that stood out for me in this chapter that are not talked about often enough: one’s non-monetary legacy, to include out investment in other people and how that affect our relatives for good or bad even after we are gone, and the importance of writing a living will. The next chapter, chapter eight, is about preparing for death by reviewing the life we have lived and along that review to enable us to “finish well”. And the last chapter looks forward to what we can expect in the life, in the new heaven and new earth, and does so by way of clearing some misunderstandings on the nature of death and on Scripture says about our life after death.
Overall, this was a welcome book to the growing bodies of literature on calling and on aging. While some, perhaps much, of it was already familiar to me, I think Stevens did a great job at exploring the intersection of calling and the spirituality of aging. He draws upon and interacts with some interesting thinkers in this area, some of who were familiar to me, including Catholic Richard Rohr and Jewish Rabbi Zalman Schachter-Shalomi, and some who were unfamiliar, such as psychiatrist Paul Tournier. I think one of the best features of the book was the Scripture studies at the end of each chapter. One of the studies that impacted me most was Jacob’s blessing of his grandchildren upon his deathbed. Having practiced vision divina with an artist’s rendering of that scene and knowing Jacob’s history, as one who stole his brother’s birthright and blessing, made it a very impacting study on aging, calling, and gaining wisdom from one’s mistakes. Ultimately, Stevens, who has written a number of books on calling and the workplace from a faith perspective, and who is also in the third third of his life, draws upon a lifetime of wisdom and experience. To the extent that this book passes on his accumulated wisdom to the next generations, I would say he has embodied the generativity that he wrote about in this book.